Unevenly distributed threats to biodiversity dictates the urgency of conservation actions in an area. In Mt. Iglit-Baco Natural Park (MIBNP), the individual numbers of tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis) declined from thousands to hundreds. This is alarming because the tamaraw is hailed as the largest critically endangered endemic megafauna and the only wild cattle species in the Philippines. The impacts of forest fires, deforestation, and invasive plants continue to threaten the remaining four home ranges of tamaraws.